Direction (Q. 1 - 10) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Human rights are a modern concept, yet they are an integral part of human history. Finding examples of human rights abuses is easy throughout history, from the ancient world to the modern one. Human rights do not have to be bought, earned or inherited; they belong to people simply because they are human. Human rights are inherent to each individual. Human rights are the same for all human beings regardless of race, sex, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin. We are all born free and equal in dignity and rights— human rights are universal. Human rights cannot be taken away; no one has the right to deprive another person of them for any reason. People still have human rights even when the laws of their countries do not recognise them, or when they violate them - for example, when slavery is practiced, slaves still have rights even though these rights are being violated. Human rights are inalienable. To live in dignity, all human beings are entitled to freedom, security and decent standards of living concurrently. Human rights are indivisible. Rights can be put into three categories: 1)Civil and political rights (also called first generation rights). 2) Economic and social rights (also called second generation rights). 3) Environmental, cultural and developmental rights (also called third generation rights). These include the rights to live in an environment that is clean and protected from destruction, and rights to cultural, political and economic development. When we say that each person has human rights, we are also saying that each person has responsibilities to respect the human rights of others. Human rights should be adopted and applied by all people and nations always. However, to adopt and apply human rights we need to be aware of, and own the basic principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. To do this we need to have a constant dialogue. The dialogue is necessary because the way human rights issues and abuses arise is ever changing. For example, the rise of the Internet has meant that the issues of freedoms, especially freedom of speech, are being re-defined.
Tolerance is a key factor to freedom of speech and therefore human rights. It is constant dialogue that allows us to be aware of the issues and abuses. It is constant dialogue that allows us to formulate and implement actions. It is constant dialogue which allows us always to promote and protect human rights.There is an independent and powerful judicial system for protection of rights of the citizens. Hence, right conditions and an adequate set-up were created for peaceful, lawful and progressive existence for everyone with little or no scope for violation on human rights. Thus, we have a strong tradition and constitutional backing to ensure maintenance of human rights. But this does not mean that there have been no laxities in the system. There is no denial of the fact that there have been blatant violations of human rights and some parts at some period of time like Delhi in 1984, and J&K in 1980's and 1990's.It is pertinent to mention here that different communities have been at the receiving end of such violations in different times and areas, with each community proclaiming to be the worst sufferers. But we can call these incidents laxities not failures for the simple reason that they have been sporadic incidents not a State provoked orders of genocide like those of the Jews in Nazi Germany. By and large people themselves have been responsible for creating havoc on target groups. State has always stood for victims and reinforcement of law and order.
1. Which of the following right does not come under Human Rights ?
1) Right to freedom from slavery.
2) Freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
3) Every person has afforded conditions under which they are able to meet their basic needs.
4) Individuals freedom from infringement by governments and private organizations, and ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the state without discrimination.
5) None of these
2. The example of Delhi in 1984's and Jammu and Kashmir in 1980's and 1990's to emphasize point that –
1) Riots and terrorism are unable to protect the human rights.
2) Human beings are the sufferers of massacre.
3) All the international organisations were involved in these riots.
4) All of the above
5) None of these
3. How do Human Rights contribute to the development of citizens ?
1) These rights represent entitlements of the individual.
2) Everyone has secure and safe life.
3) The political climate, the Global Economic, Financial and The Environmental context and the network together create the better life conditions that can favour personal development.
4) Human Rights are increased as per individual demand.
5) None of these
4. Which of the followings shows a relationship between Human Rights and economic growth ?
1) Human Rights lead the overall development for country, society and for man.
2) Human Rights aim at the improvement of the entire economy and of all individuals on the basis of their active, free and
meaningful participation in development.
3) Human Rights are commonly understood as inalienable Fundamental Rights.
4) Both 1 and 2
5) None of these
5. What does the phrase 'By and large 'mean as used in the passage ?
1) Usually 2) Hardly 3) Eccentric 4) Unconventional 5) None of these
Direction (Q. 16 – 17) : Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
1) Impulsive 2) Flashy 3) Plunder 4) Decimation 5) Looseness
1) Profess 2) Concealed 3) Indulgence 4) Wreck 5) Blast
Direction (Q.18 –20) : Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
1) Overt 2) Bold 3) Hidden 4) Outright 5) Plain
1) Rare 2) Chaos 3) Indifference 4) Harmony 5) Usual
1) Mark 2) Peace 3) Frequent 4) Heedless 5) Catch