Thursday, August 11, 2016

English Language Quiz 52 for IBPS PO

Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Water touches every aspect of life, and in India uncertainty over access to and the availability of this basic resource may be reaching crisis levels. As India continues to  undergo dramatic shifts caused by a growing economy and population, competing demands for this limited resource coming from households, industry, and agriculture have wide-ranging implications for the country's future. India's water crisis is rooted in three causes. The first is insufficient water per person as a result of population growth. The second cause is poor water quality resulting from insufficient and delayed investment in urban water-treatment facilities. The third problem is dwindling groundwater supplies due to over-extraction by farmers. Water scarcity is fast becoming urban India's number one woe, with government's own data revealing that residents in 22 out of 32 major cities have to deal with daily shortages. For example, in Delhi approx 3,156 million litres of water (MLD) is supplied against the requirement of 4,158. But around 40% of the supply is lost in distribution resulting in a much wider gap between demand and supply than what's recorded. The worst-hit city is Jamshedpur, where the gap between demand and supply is a  yawning70%. The crisis is acute in Kanpur, Asansol, Dhanbad, Meerut, Faridabad, Visakhapatnam, Madurai and Hyderabad - where supply fails to meet almost 30% of the demand - according to data provided by states which was placed in the Lok Sabha during the recently-concluded Parliament session by the urban development ministry. The figures also reveal that in Greater Mumbai and Delhi - which have the highest water demand among all cities - the gap between demand and supply is comparatively less. The shortfall is 24% for Delhi and 17% for Mumbai. However, the situation is  worse than that. India's future economic growth is also a concern. If the country cannot expand irrigation or increase agricultural productivity by other means, economic growth will be restricted. Government of India have made a  comprehensive plan for creating a unique platform for deliberating the issues involving all stakeholders including decision makers,  politicians, researchers and entrepreneurs of water resources not only from Indian arena but also from International avenues for  getting benefited mutually. There is emphasis throughout the country on watershed development. This involves leveling land and tapping rainwater in small ponds created by building small dams in the streams (called check dams). Since Water is the most precious gift of nature can be made to beneficial use to the mankind only if; all the stakeholders are fully involved in its development and management. By understanding the importance of building public awareness, as it is vital in getting support in implementation of the objectives, efforts will be put in through national portals and media engagement for effective civil society involvement too in the consultative processes of India Water Week 2013 (IWW-2013) . As a part of this endeavour, the Ministry of Water Resources has decided to host an International event "India Water Week" on an annual basis. The first event of this kind India Water Week- 2012 (IWW-2012) has recently been organized during the period from 10 to 14 April, 2012 with the theme "Water Energy & Food Security: Call for Solutions". The Conference was attended by about 1000 national and international delegates and an exhibition covering an area of 3000sq.m as well as 5 specialized add-on events were the highlight of the event.

1. What's the theme of India water week 2013?
1) "Water Energy & Food Security".
2) "Water Energy & storage of energy- Call for Solutions".
3) "Call for Solutions".
4) "Water Energy & Food Security: Call for Solutions".
5) None of these


2. Which of the following city is facing the worst crisis of water as given in the passage-

1) Kanpur 2) Delhi 3) Mumbai 4) Urban Area 5) Jamshedpur

3. What do you mean by "Check dams"?
1) Small dams in the still water. 2) Small dams in the streams.
3) Watershed 4) To tap rainwater in small ponds created by building small dams.
5) None of these

4. Which of the following is the most probable reason (s) behind the crisis of water in India in the context of the passage?
1) Drought in India .
2) Much of the river remains polluted with a high coliform count at many places.
3) Highly fragmented land ownership is in India.
4) Economic growth of India is major concern. 5) None of these.

5. Which of the following is definitely (False) about the given passage?
1) There are four main causes for India's water crisis.
2) A wide range of agriculture is depend upon rain water for irrigation.
3) The ministry of Water Resources hosted an International Event in 2012.
4) Both 1 and 2 5) None of these.

Directions (Q. 6-8):  Choose the word, which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

6. Undergo
1) Endure 2) Surrender 3) Break through 4) Perceptive 5) Stringency

7. Dwindling
1) Wane 2) Wasting away 3) Enhance 4) Ascend 5) Raise

8. Yawning
1) Whack 2) Drowse 3) Conceal 4) Deficiency 5) Paucity

Directions (Q. 9-10): Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as given below-

9. Endeavor
1) Venture 2) Subside 3) Inactivity 4) stringency 5) plight

10. Comprehensive
1) Mild 2) Abide 3) Crunch 4) abundance 5) incomplete


Answers :-


1.4 ,    2.5 ,     3.4 ,     4.5 ,     5.1  ,    6.1  ,    7.2 ,     8.4  ,    9. 3  ,    10.5

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