Directions (Q. 1-2): In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the given conclusions from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
1. Statements: Some deserts are rivers. No ocean is a hill.
All rivers are oceans. All hills are rocks.
Conclusions: I. Some oceans are rocks.
II. No ocean is rock.
III. Some oceans may be deserts.
1) Only I and III follow 2) All follow 3) Only either I or II and III follow
4) None follows 5) Only II and III follow
2. Statements: No paper is pen. Some breads are butters.
Some pens are breads. Some pictures are papers.
Conclusions: I. All butters are either breads or pens.
II. Some pens are not pictures.
III. All pictures are either pens or breads.
1) Only I follows 2) Only II follows 3) Only III follows
4) None follows 5) All follow
Directions: (Q. 3-5): In each question below statement(s) is/are given followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a practicable and feasible step or administrative decision to be taken for follow-up, improvement, or further action with regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s). Give answer
1) if only I follows.
2) if only II follows.
3) if either I or II follows.
4) if neither I nor II follows.
5) if both I and II follow.
3. Statement:India’s massive rail network has been hit by an average of 200 accidents a year.
Courses of action: I. Railway ministry should increase the number of railway tracks so that problem can be solved.
II. Railways should assign a team to inspect and improve safety and signaling equipment.
4. Statement:The percentage of people paying income tax in India is 0.8% of the total population.
Courses of action: I. The government should abolish income tax altogether because it costs more to collect income tax than what is earned from that.
II. Government should target those who don’t pay tax properly and charge a heavy penalty.
5. Statement: Inflation continues to be a big problem. Even as recession has petered away, shopkeepers are selling essential commodities at high prices.
Courses of action: I. Government should give subsidy to poor people so that they can buy essential commodities.
II. Government should appoint a committee to draft guidelines for regulating selling prices of essential commodities.
Directions (Q. 6-10): Given below are a pair of events (A) and (B). You have to read both the events (A) and (B) and decide their nature of relationship. You have to assume that the information given in (A) and (B) is true and you will not assume anything beyond the given information in deciding the answer. Mark answer
1) if (A) is the effect and (B) is its immediate and principal cause.
2) if (A) is the immediate and principal cause and (B) is its effect.
3) if (A) is an effect but (B) is not its immediate and principal cause.
4) if (B) is an effect but (A) is not its immediate and principal cause.
5) None of these
6. Event (A): The Centre has rejected the greater autonomy resolution of State X.
Event (B): State X has decided to bring Centre-State relations for discussion in the parliament.
7. Event (A): In village ‘X’, farmers are struggling heavy drought.
Event (B): In village ‘X’, government is implementing an agricultural development programme.
8. Event (A): People are avoiding post-paid mobile service connections.
Event (B): Prepaid mobile service connections are easily available in the market.
9. Event (A): Oil price can reach a new high in Iran.
Event (B): Demand of oil in global market is increasing.
10. Event (A): High inflation in India is not yet “the new normal” and RBI cannot afford to drop its guard.
Event (B): Despite significant actions on policy rates and liquidity by the Reserve Bank of India, inflation remains high.
1. 3, 2. 4
3. 2; I is not a practical course of action. II follows, as enquiry is the norm after every failures/incidents.
4. 2; I is right course of action as it will protect pillion riders but II will solve one question and create another problem.
5. 4; Both of the courses of action do not address the problem. It cannot be explained how values of life of multiple hobby classes can stop people from committing suicide.
6. 2, 7. 4 , 8. 3 , 9. 1 , 10. 1